Although dogs mainly use their keen sense of hearing and excellent sense of smell to guide them, it is still important to maintain healthy vision. Most dogs go through life without eye problems, but it’s helpful to know the signs of unhealthy eyes.
Some breeds are more susceptible to eye problems because of the shape of their face. For instance, dogs with short muzzles (like Pekingese, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels and pugs) tend to have prominent bulging eyes, leaving them more vulnerable to traumatic injury and increased dryness. Of course, any breed of dog can suffer from eye trouble, so it is best to be aware of the signs that your dog’s eyes are causing him discomfort.
Canine Eye Care Facts
- Normally, dogs produce a small amount of clear ocular discharge to keep the eyes moist, just like human tears.
- If your dog develops thick yellow or green discharge, he needs to be evaluated by a veterinarian.
- Never use over the counter products intended for human use unless your pet’s doctor advises you to do so.
- When a dog’s eyes are uncomfortable, whether from dryness or infection, he may squint, paw at the eye or rub his face on the floor. Such behavior can lead to a scratch on the surface, or cornea, of the eye. This is a very painful condition that can only be diagnosed and treated by a veterinarian.
As dogs age, they may suffer a decline in visual ability. Fortunately, dogs do very well in this situation as they rely more on their hearing and sense of smell to find their way around.
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