Possession Prevention in Puppies

Possession behaviors, also known as “resource guarding”, is a natural survival behavior that all animals display, including humans. These behaviors can be normal and mild, but they can escalate and become quite dangerous if not addressed appropriately. To learn more about resource guarding, take a look at my blog post Don’t Steal: How to Prevent Resource Guarding

Preventing Problems

For new puppy owners, it is of utmost importance to prevent possession problems from occurring. Many owners and even some professionals are under the impression that we should show our puppy who is the boss by sticking our hands into the puppy's food bowl while they are eating or reaching over and grabbing a bone out of puppy's mouth. However, this is false. In fact, this can actually cause resource guarding behaviors to surface or get worse over time. This is because a puppy can learn that when they have an item in their possession (such as a bone or eating out of their food dish) and a person approaches them, they may feel the need to guard the item because it was taken away from them in the past. Instead, we want to teach our puppy that our appearance is not a bad thing.

Helpful Video: Here is a link to a video I created with my puppy, Journey, to help teach you how to implement a simple resource guarding prevention exercise: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNcEu-SesqI

Prevention Plan Tips

Here are some things you can start doing to prevent issues from occurring. If you are currently dealing with resource guarding issues, I suggest hiring a behavior professional so that you can properly get these issues addressed.


  • Do not reach over to the puppy and stick your hands in the food dish, especially while puppy is eating
  • Do not pet or touch puppy while eating out of the food dish or chewing on a bone
  • Do not tease or provoke puppy
  • Do not grab or flip your puppy over to show that you are 'the boss'.
  • If a puppy growls do not get loud or physical with a puppy as this can cause them to defend themselves, possibly making things get worse over time.
  • Do not chase puppy if they have an item in their possession. Instead try trading with higher value food such as boiled chicken breast, cheese, or something of equal value.
  • Understand Canine Body Language: My last piece of advice is to learn about canine body language and communication. All dog owners should learn and understand this whether or not their dog has a behavior issue. Here is a helpful article by Victoria Stilwell on Canine Body Language https://positively.com/dog-training/understanding-dogs/canine-body-language/





tweet it post it Share It Plus It Print It

Positively Expert: Anthony De Marinis

Anthony De Marinis is a graduate of Victoria Stilwell Academy for Dog Training & Behavior. He is also a Certified Victoria Stilwell Licensed Positively Dog Trainer and a Fear Free Certified Animal Trainer. Anthony runs his dog training business, De Marinis Dog Training & Behavior based in Long Island, NY.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Episode 820 - Dogs Should Not Have to Do Sit

Victoria explores why teaching obedience cues like ‘sit’ should not be the focus of dog training.

Episode 819 – Animal Shelters During the Pandemic

Victoria is joined by VSPDT Kat Kekel, Behavior Tech at Cherokee County Animal Shelter to talk about sheltering, fostering and...

Episode 818 – Finding Your ‘Why’ with J. Nichole Smith

Petrepreneur marketing guru J. Nichole Smith joins Victoria to discuss the importance of identifying and building around your...

find a vspdt trainer
Schedule a consultation via skype or phone